The town of 310.000 people, located on the way of
the ancient Great Silk Road and dated to 6th century A.D. By 11th century the
town become the capital of Turkic Karahan State. Later Chinghiz Khan destroyed
the town and it took 600 years to rose again with a new name of Aulie-Ata meaning
Holy-Father and become a stage post on the north of Koandkhanat State. The places
to see here include the small mausoleums of potentate Aulie-Ata Karahan and
Dautbek Shahamansur - Mongol viceroy both are located in the city centre and
dated to 11-13 centuries.
12th century's Aishai-Bibi mausoleum located 18 km
west of Taraz. It obtained the status of UNESCO-protected architectural monument
because of picturesque fretwork, which covers the whole building.
11th century Babadja-Khatun is the only mausoleum
in Central Asia with 16-rib umbrella shaped dome. Arabic note on the wall says:
The woman from the country of Babadji.
Aliases: Jambul, Jambyl, Taras.
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