BURANA TOWER - THE RUINS OF ANCIENT BALASAGYN
75 km east from the city is a 25m-high tower, which dates from
the 11th century and is all that remains of the ancient city of Balasagyn. The
name Burana most probably comes from wrongly pronounced word Monara
which means Minaret. Minaret is an obligated part of any mosque, it is a tower
from which the Muslims were called up for the next praying. Some centuries ago
the tower was 44 metres high, but after an earthquake in early 1900, the upper
part fell down.
The tower and a mosque were located in the city
centre of Balasagyn town - one of the centres of Karahanid state. The large
area around the town was enclosed with 2 rows of fence, that still visible from
the top of the tower. Nowadays there is a small museum of Burana, represented
with the tower, the remains of three tombmausoleums, and other exhibits, such
us: stone sculpture - Balbals, petrogliphes, coins and
other things founded during scientific explorations.
Balasagyn city originaly was covering the territory
of 25 sq. kilomiters and was an important trade of the Great Silk Road. It was
a birth place of Yusuf Balasaguni - a famous turkic philosophist
of XI century.
Karahanids (Qarakhanids) who built this city were
the ones who brought Islam to the region along with new technologies. They had
a strong statehood until Chingiz Khans troops destroyed
their capitals in XIII century.
Aliases: Balasagun, Balasagyn, Kuz-Ordu, Kuz-Ulush.
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